A father is bowing to the parents of another child. As the subtitles show, he is saying 年齢はいっしょ (nenrei ha issho, or “They’re the same age (therefore, possibly a match)”).
交渉成立！身上書と写真を交換 (koushou seiritsu! Shinjousho to shashin o koukan. (“Negotiations complete! Parents exchange profiles and photographs.”)
Why is this important? Well, take a look at the next graph:
This is a graph of Japan’s population. As we learned previously, 億 (oku) means one hundred million. So, the population of Japan in 2005 was 127,800,000. And by 2055, that is expected to drop by almost 40 million, or 30%, to 89,983,000! So, looks like Japan needs all the babies it can get… As this insanely useful site mentions, the average age of women at first marriage in Japan is almost 27, and for men, 30. But more importantly, the total fertility rate is only 1.3 children per woman, one of the lowest in the world. While the Japanese welfare minister Yanagisawa’s recent remarks on women were badly thought out and spoken, we understand his alarm about the problem itself.